Now more than ever, climate change is a global problem that all countries should be attempting to resolve. Besides being an environmental issue, it also affects the economy, communities, and public health. Australia—being a country vulnerable to its effects due to the extensive arid and semi-arid areas making up the continent—must give this issue the attention it deserves.
It’s normal for the world to experience a change in climate over time. However, what society is experiencing right now is far from what past civilisations have encountered. There are still expected changes like El Niño, but scientists connect it to the increased greenhouse effect brought about by industrialisation. As a result, Australia suffers from adverse climate effects, leaving signs of worsened climate change in the country, like the factors below:
1. A Warmer Country
Australia logged 2020 as the fourth warmest year in the country’s history. Compared to the average record throughout 1961 to 1990, the temperature was higher by 1.1 degrees Celsius, while the mean maximum temperature is around 1.24 degrees Celsius.
Meanwhile, the annual average temperature for 2020 was above average for the majority of Australia. Overall, it was the warmest annual mean temperature recorded for Western Australia, the fifth-warmest for the Northern Territory and Queensland.
2. Active Bushfires
Both 2019 and 2020 have been some of the worst years for Australia—the bushfire season for both years gathered thousands of firefighters and volunteers to battle the fires that ravaged dry patches of plants starting in New South Wales, then progressing to Victoria, Western Australia, and South Australia. Experts agree that the high temperatures in the country contributed to the sudden wildfire activity.
Considering that 2019 was recorded as the second warmest year in the history of Australia, it’s no surprise that it was a struggle to put out fires that started in dry conditions of Australia’s eastern and southern states. The smoke, haze, and burned matter often lingered for days, affecting wild animals and human inhabitants alike.
3. Prevalence of Drought
Since 2017, there has been insufficient rain over large parts of the country due to rainfall deficiencies. The bad news is that professionals expect it to continue over an extended period. When looking at the situation through the past decades, the leading cause of drought is often linked to climate change and the rise of extreme temperatures.
On average, areas experiencing a twenty-four-month lack of rainfall have encountered below-average rain between April and October. As of writing, various client models for Australia predict that there will be less rainfall in the following months, making droughts more frequent.
4. Rise in Sea Levels
Another alarming trend is the rise of sea levels in the country. Every year, the water level rises at an alarming rate of 2.1 millimetres—the fastest within the 20th century. Although it seems harmless, the impact also accumulates and may lead to devastating effects on the country. As most people live near coasts, it’s bound to be a problem for future generations.
5. Overall Effects on Economy
Climate change doesn’t only affect the environment. It also impacts the countries’ economies. As more environmental problems arise, frequent issues may result in significant losses—affecting how the country thrives.
The best way to mitigate climate change is by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption by looking for friendlier alternatives. As the world population increases, the chances of worsening the country’s climate also heightens. Therefore, if people would like a place to live in the near future, they should change their ways today.
No Names Digital is a digital marketing platform sharing finance news, cryptocurrency articles, and ideas about how people can make the world a more environmentally conscious place. Our goal is to help readers by supplying them with factual, accurate, and relevant information online. Take a look at our previous articles to learn more about the impact of climate change and how we can implement sustainable practices.